Munshi Premchand- The Emperor among Novelists
Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava better known by his pen name Munshi Premchand was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindi-Urdu literature. He was born on 31 July 1880 and died on 8 October 1936.His works include a dozen novels, 250 short stories and several essays. A novel writer, story writer and a dramatist, he has been referred to as “Upanyas Samrat”.
He is considered the first Hindi author whose writings prominently featured realism. His novels described the lives of poor and urban middle class. His early works had essence of the freedom movement in India. He used literature for the purpose of arousing public awareness on social and national issues and often wrote about corruption child widowhood and prostitution.
As a child he found his love for fiction novels. He took the job of selling books for a book wholesaler, thus getting an opportunity to read lots of books. He composed his first literary work in Gorakhpur which was never published. His notable works include Godaan, Bazar-e-Husn, Karmabhoomi, Shatranj Ke Khiladi, Gaban and Mansarovar.
Today is his 138th birth anniversary. He will always be the most celebrated and loved novelist of India.